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Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
11-09-2013, 07:05 PM
Post: #1
Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the internet'

• XKeyscore gives 'widest-reaching' collection of online data
• NSA analysts require no prior authorization for searches
• Sweeps up emails, social media activity and browsing history
• NSA's XKeyscore program – read one of the presentations.

[Image: KS3edit2-001.jpg]



One presentation claims the XKeyscore program covers 'nearly everything a typical user does on the internet'

[Image: KS55edit-001.jpg]


[Image: XKeyscore-map-010.jpg]


A top secret National Security Agency program allows analysts to search with no prior authorization through vast databases containing emails, online chats and the browsing histories of millions of individuals, according to documents provided by whistleblower Edward Snowden.

The NSA boasts in training materials that the program, called XKeyscore, is its "widest-reaching" system for developing intelligence from the internet.

The latest revelations will add to the intense public and congressional debate around the extent of NSA surveillance programs. They come as senior intelligence officials testify to the Senate judiciary committee on Wednesday, releasing classified documents in response to the Guardian's earlier stories on bulk collection of phone records and Fisa surveillance court oversight.

The files shed light on one of Snowden's most controversial statements, made in his first video interview published by the Guardian on June 10.

"I, sitting at my desk," said Snowden, could "wiretap anyone, from you or your accountant, to a federal judge or even the president, if I had a personal email".

US officials vehemently denied this specific claim. Mike Rogers, the Republican chairman of the House intelligence committee, said of Snowden's assertion: "He's lying. It's impossible for him to do what he was saying he could do."

But training materials for XKeyscore detail how analysts can use it and other systems to mine enormous agency databases by filling in a simple on-screen form giving only a broad justification for the search. The request is not reviewed by a court or any NSA personnel before it is processed.

[Image: KS8-001.jpg]


XKeyscore, the documents boast, is the NSA's "widest reaching" system developing intelligence from computer networks – what the agency calls Digital Network Intelligence (DNI). One presentation claims the program covers "nearly everything a typical user does on the internet", including the content of emails, websites visited and searches, as well as their metadata.

Analysts can also use XKeyscore and other NSA systems to obtain ongoing "real-time" interception of an individual's internet activity.

Under US law, the NSA is required to obtain an individualized Fisa warrant only if the target of their surveillance is a 'US person', though no such warrant is required for intercepting the communications of Americans with foreign targets. But XKeyscore provides the technological capability, if not the legal authority, to target even US persons for extensive electronic surveillance without a warrant provided that some identifying information, such as their email or IP address, is known to the analyst


http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/ju...:Position2



4.25pm BST


Snowden's father has thanked Russia and Vladimir Putin for granting his son a year's asylum. Lon Snowden told Russian state TV:


    "I am so thankful to the Russian nation and President Vladimir Putin."



http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live



U.S. Zionist Government Used US Taxpayer Money to Buy Influence in UK Spy Agency GCHQ.
Corruption Scandal in US and UK Looming



4.39pm BST

The US government has paid at least £100m to the UK spy agency GCHQ over the last three years to secure access to and influence over Britain's intelligence gathering programmes, documents leaked to the Guardian by Edward Snowden reveal. The papers are the latest to emerge from the cache Snowden leaked to the newspaper.


http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live



4.39pm BST
The US government has paid at least £100m to the UK spy agency GCHQ over the last three years to secure access to and influence over Britain's intelligence gathering programmes, documents leaked to the Guardian by Edward Snowden reveal. The papers are the latest to emerge from the cache Snowden leaked to the newspaper.





4.43pm BST
Alex Luhn has been speaking to Snowden's lawyer Anatoly Kucherena, who told him the whistleblower had been reading Russian literature, including Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment, and learning the Russian language.
Kucherena said the circumstances were similar to “house arrest, only not at home,” noting the psychological pressures of remaining confined indoors in a legal no man's land:
I wouldn't have held out for 24 hours with him in the airport. What is the transit zone? It's a sterile zone. There are constant loudspeaker announcements every day, 'A flight from Washington has arrived,' 'A flight from London has arrived,' 'A flight from Barcelona has arrived.' I heard them for hours when I was there. If a person is there indefinitely, it can drive him to psychosis.
He also talked about Snowden's motives and convictions:
On the inside, Edward is absolutely independent, he absolutely follows his convictions. As for the reaction, he is convinced and genuinely believes he did it first of all so that Americans and all people would find out that they are spying on us.
We'll have the full story from Alec up shortly.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live



4.43pm BST
Alex Luhn has been speaking to Snowden's lawyer Anatoly Kucherena, who told him the whistleblower had been reading Russian literature, including Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment, and learning the Russian language.
Kucherena said the circumstances were similar to “house arrest, only not at home,” noting the psychological pressures of remaining confined indoors in a legal no man's land:

      I wouldn't have held out for 24 hours with him in the airport. What is the transit zone? It's a sterile zone. There are constant loudspeaker announcements every day, 'A flight from Washington has arrived,' 'A flight from London has arrived,' 'A flight from Barcelona has arrived.' I heard them for hours when I was there. If a person is there indefinitely, it can drive him to psychosis.




He also talked about Snowden's motives and convictions:

      On the inside, Edward is absolutely independent, he absolutely follows his convictions. As for the reaction, he is convinced and genuinely believes he did it first of all so that Americans and all people would find out that they are spying on us.




We'll have the full story from Alec up shortly.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live




4.59pm BST


WikiLeaks has published comments by Edward Snowden. The whistleblower said:

      Over the past eight weeks we have seen the Obama administration show no respect for international or domestic law, but in the end the law is winning. I thank the Russian Federation for granting me asylum in accordance with its laws and international obligations.



http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live


They headed off in a taxi to a "secure, confidential place", the Wikileaks said.

5.05pm BST


In its statement WikiLeaks said Snowden had left the airport with WikiLeaks adviser Sarah Harrison, who has accompanied him at all times "to protect his safety and security". They headed off in a taxi to a "secure, confidential place", the organisation said.

WikiLeaks said the Russian certificate of temporary asylum allowed Snowden to live in and travel around Russia for one year. "He can now plan his next steps in safety," the organisation said.

The organisation also sheds light on why Snowden did not immediately depart for Cuba when he arrived in Moscow, as had been expected:

      Mr Snowden and Ms Harrison have been staying in the airport for almost six weeks, having landed on an Aeroflot flight from Hong Kong on the 23rd June. They had been booked on a connecting flight the following day. Mr Snowden intended to request asylum in Latin America. However, after Mr Snowden’s departure was made public, the United States government cancelled his passport, which rendered onward travel impossible.



The statement added that although Snowden has accepted Venezuela's offer of asylum "ultimately US interference has, at least for the time being, prevented its practical acceptance".

Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, said:

      This is another victory in the fight against Obama’s war on whistleblowers. This battle has been won, but the war continues. The United States can no longer continue the surveillance of world citizens and its digital colonization of sovereign nations. The public will no longer stand for it. Whistleblowers will continue to appear until the government abides by its own laws and rhetoric.



http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live



Proposed reforms to the secretive foreign intelligence surveillance court (usually known as the Fisa court)


5.15pm BST


The fallout from Edward Snowden's disclosures continue. On Capitol Hill in Washington, Senator Richard Blumenthal, of the Senate judiciary committee, is launching proposed reforms to the secretive foreign intelligence surveillance court (usually known as the Fisa court) today, along with Senator Ron Wyden, of Oregon, and Senator Tom Udall, of Colorado.

You can watch the announcement live here.

The Fisa court grants the legal authorities to secret surveillance programs run by the National Security Agency, some of which have been revealed by Snowden's leaks.

Orders issued by the court are secret and are rarely published. The court is non-adversarial: the government presents its case, and the judge (almost always) grants the order.

At the press conference. Blumenthal says the Fisa court is an "anomaly" in an open and democratic government

The senators are proposing "a special advocate whose client will be the constitution".

"The idea of the special advocate is one that should appeal on a bi-partisan basis," Blumenthal says – we'll see about that – because "decisions are made better when both sides of the argument are represented".

The special advocate would raise independent questions about the government's case.


http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live



5.21pm BST
Senator Udall takes to the lectern.
It's "impossible to judge" whether decisions being taken are constitutional "when we have a secret programme overseen by a secret judge making secret decisions".
He says there is concern when you have "only 11 out of 34,000 requests turned down by the FISA court".
"The reform effort is going to be a difficult one," Udall says, "But i think "we're going to [Image: Edward-Snowden-Russia-asy-010.jpg]


be able to get this done for the American people."


Edward Snowden: given Russia asylum. Photograph: Anton Novoderezhkin/Corbis/ITAR-TASS



It's "impossible to judge" whether decisions being taken are constitutional "when we have a secret programme overseen by a secret judge making secret decisions".

5.21pm BST
Senator Udall takes to the lectern.

It's "impossible to judge" whether decisions being taken are constitutional "when we have a secret programme overseen by a secret judge making secret decisions".

He says there is concern when you have "only 11 out of 34,000 requests turned down by the FISA court".
"The reform effort is going to be a difficult one," Udall says, "But i think "we're going to be able to get this done for the American people."

[Image: Edward-Snowden-Russia-asy-010.jpg]


Edward Snowden: given Russia asylum. Photograph: Anton Novoderezhkin/Corbis/ITAR-TASS

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/au...rport-live




XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the internet'

• XKeyscore gives 'widest-reaching' collection of online data
• NSA analysts require no prior authorization for searches
• Sweeps up emails, social media activity and browsing history
• NSA's XKeyscore program – read one of the presentations


[Image: KS1-001.jpg]


A top secret National Security Agency program allows analysts to search with no prior authorization through vast databases containing emails, online chats and the browsing histories of millions of individuals, according to documents provided by whistleblower Edward Snowden.




But training materials for XKeyscore detail how analysts can use it and other systems to mine enormous agency databases by filling in a simple on-screen form giving only a broad justification for the search. The request is not reviewed by a court or any NSA personnel before it is processed.

XKeyscore, the documents boast, is the NSA's "widest reaching" system developing intelligence from computer networks – what the agency calls Digital Network Intelligence (DNI). One presentation claims the program covers "nearly everything a typical user does on the internet", including the content of emails, websites visited and searches, as well as their metadata.

Analysts can also use XKeyscore and other NSA systems to obtain ongoing "real-time" interception of an individual's internet activity.

Under US law, the NSA is required to obtain an individualized Fisa warrant only if the target of their surveillance is a 'US person', though no such warrant is required for intercepting the communications of Americans with foreign targets. But XKeyscore provides the technological capability, if not the legal authority, to target even US persons for extensive electronic surveillance without a warrant provided that some identifying information, such as their email or IP address, is known to the analyst.

[Image: KS7-001.jpg]


One training slide illustrates the digital activity constantly being collected by XKeyscore and the analyst's ability to query the databases at any time.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/ju...nline-data


[Image: KS10-001.jpg]


These are the facts every White person needs to know about.

Donwload the Snowden insurance file: http://wlstorage.net/torrent/wlinsurance...56.torrent
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11-09-2013, 07:58 PM
Post: #2
RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
Xkeyscore: Edward Snowden additional slides

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/ju...nline-data

Email monitoring

In a second Guardian interview in June, Snowden elaborated on his statement about being able to read any individual's email if he had their email address. He said the claim was based in part on the email search capabilities of XKeyscore, which Snowden says he was authorized to use while working as a Booz Allen contractor for the NSA.

One top-secret document describes how the program "searches within bodies of emails, webpages and documents", including the "To, From, CC, BCC lines" and the 'Contact Us' pages on websites".

To search for emails, an analyst using XKS enters the individual's email address into a simple online search form, along with the "justification" for the search and the time period for which the emails are sought.

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The analyst then selects which of those returned emails they want to read by opening them in NSA reading software.

The system is similar to the way in which NSA analysts generally can intercept the communications of anyone they select, including, as one NSA document put it, "communications that transit the United States and communications that terminate in the United States".

One document, a top secret 2010 guide describing the training received by NSA analysts for general surveillance under the Fisa Amendments Act of 2008, explains that analysts can begin surveillance on anyone by clicking a few simple pull-down menus designed to provide both legal and targeting justifications. Once options on the pull-down menus are selected, their target is marked for electronic surveillance and the analyst is able to review the content of their communications:

[Image: KS4-001.jpg]

Beyond emails, the XKeyscore system allows analysts to monitor a virtually unlimited array of other internet activities, including those within social media.

An NSA tool called DNI Presenter, used to read the content of stored emails, also enables an analyst using XKeyscore to read the content of Facebook chats or private messages.
[Image: KS55edit-001.jpg]


An analyst can monitor such Facebook chats by entering the Facebook user name and a date range into a simple search screen.

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Analysts can search for internet browsing activities using a wide range of information, including search terms entered by the user or the websites viewed.


Legal v technical restrictions

While the Fisa Amendments Act of 2008 requires an individualized warrant for the targeting of US persons, NSA analysts are permitted to intercept the communications of such individuals without a warrant if they are in contact with one of the NSA's foreign targets.

[Image: KS11-002.jpg]


The ACLU's deputy legal director, Jameel Jaffer, told the Guardian last month that national security officials expressly said that a primary purpose of the new law was to enable them to collect large amounts of Americans' communications without individualized warrants.

"The government doesn't need to 'target' Americans in order to collect huge volumes of their communications," said Jaffer. "The government inevitably sweeps up the communications of many Americans" when targeting foreign nationals for surveillance.

An example is provided by one XKeyscore document showing an NSA target in Tehran communicating with people in Frankfurt, Amsterdam and New York.

[Image: KS12-001.jpg]


In recent years, the NSA has attempted to segregate exclusively domestic US communications in separate databases. But even NSA documents acknowledge that such efforts are imperfect, as even purely domestic communications can travel on foreign systems, and NSA tools are sometimes unable to identify the national origins of communications.

Moreover, all communications between Americans and someone on foreign soil are included in the same databases as foreign-to-foreign communications, making them readily searchable without warrants.

Some searches conducted by NSA analysts are periodically reviewed by their supervisors within the NSA. "It's very rare to be questioned on our searches," Snowden told the Guardian in June, "and even when we are, it's usually along the lines of: 'let's bulk up the justification'."

In a letter this week to senator Ron Wyden, director of national intelligence James Clapper acknowledged that NSA analysts have exceeded even legal limits as interpreted by the NSA in domestic surveillance.

Acknowledging what he called "a number of compliance problems", Clapper attributed them to "human error" or "highly sophisticated technology issues" rather than "bad faith".

However, Wyden said on the Senate floor on Tuesday: "These violations are more serious than those stated by the intelligence community, and are troubling."

In a statement to the Guardian, the NSA said: "NSA's activities are focused and specifically deployed against – and only against – legitimate foreign intelligence targets in response to requirements that our leaders need for information necessary to protect our nation and its interests.

"XKeyscore is used as a part of NSA's lawful foreign signals intelligence collection system.

"Allegations of widespread, unchecked analyst access to NSA collection data are simply not true. Access to XKeyscore, as well as all of NSA's analytic tools, is limited to only those personnel who require access for their assigned tasks … In addition, there are multiple technical, manual and supervisory checks and balances within the system to prevent deliberate misuse from occurring."

"Every search by an NSA analyst is fully auditable, to ensure that they are proper and within the law.

"These types of programs allow us to collect the information that enables us to perform our missions successfully – to defend the nation and to protect US and allied troops abroad."

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/ju...nline-data

The days of the Israeli Jews spying on the Globe are over.
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11-10-2013, 03:01 PM
Post: #3
RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
Snowden NSA pics

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Snowden NSA pics 1st set: Slide 8
[Image: Prism-slide-8.jpg]


Snowden NSA pics 1st set: Slide 2
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Snowden NSA pics
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11-10-2013, 03:37 PM
Post: #4
RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
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11-10-2013, 03:39 PM
Post: #5
RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
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11-10-2013, 03:40 PM
Post: #6
RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
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11-10-2013, 03:46 PM
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RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
SNOWDEN WIKILEAKS - NEW SLIDES - SSO3 groupen
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11-10-2013, 03:50 PM
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RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
http://www.wikileaks-forum.com

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11-10-2013, 03:55 PM
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RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
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11-10-2013, 03:56 PM
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RE: Edward Snowden: XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the in
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