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20,000 BC Russian-Ukraine Sculpture
11-08-2013, 07:23 PM
Post: #1
20,000 BC Russian-Ukraine Sculpture
20,000 BC Russian-Ukraine Sculpture
http://www.whiteheritage.org/showthread.php?tid=300&pid=709

Avdeevo - a Paleolithic site with strong links to Kostenki
The Avdeevo venus figures are quite variable, but most depict mature women in various stages of the reproductive cycle. Avdeevo is located on the Sejm River near the city of Kursk, Russia. Two oval living areas surrounded by semisubterranean lodges and pits have been identified at Avdeevo. Both were occupied between 21 000 and 20 000 BP. The tool inventory consists of Kostenki knives, shouldered points, and leaf points on blades.

[Image: avdeevositepicsm.jpg]


The Palaeolithic site of Avdeevo, on the left bank of the Rogozna River (23-22 ka BP). GLOCOPH meeting, Moscow 2000
Photo: http://www.ccma.csic.es/dpts/suelos/hidr...terno2.pdf

The Palaeolithic site of Avdeevo, on the left bank of the Rogozna River (23-22 ka BP) is worthy of special attention because of its links between the Paleolithic sites of Eastern and Central Europe. On the Russian Plain it is possible to distinguish sites belonging to the Kostenki-Avdeevo archaeological culture, and among them to distinguish sites definitely belonging to the same stage. The absolute similarity of all their components - type of settlement, flint and worked-bone tools, art objects - argues more for total identity than simply for typological affinities. Research at the site was conducted from 1946-1949 and from 1972 on. Two oval living areas surrounded by semisubterranean lodges and pits have been identified at Avdeevo. Both were occupied between 21 000 and 20 000 BP. The tool inventory consists of Kostenki knives, shouldered points, and leaf points on blades. There is a well preserved series of worked bone objects which differ in details from those found at Central European sites assigned to the Kostenki-Willendorf cultural unity. They include numerous bone awls and points of various types, burnishers and shovels, diadems and bracelets, as well as beads and decorated points. Non-repetitive or unique objects are relatively rare.
Much of the information on this page, including the text below, is adapted from the excellent monograph 'Art of the Mammoth Hunters: The finds from Avdeevo' by Professor Mariana Gvozdover, Oxbow Monograph 49, 1995.


Introduction


[Image: avdeevovenuscoversm.jpg]


Photo: Professor Mariana Gvozdover, 'Art of the Mammoth Hunters'

The Avdeevo site is worthy of special attention because its abundant and picturesque material can be used to show the peculiarities of, and links between, the Paleolithic sites of Eastern and Central Europe.

On the Russian Plain it is possible to distinguish sites belonging to the Kostenki-Avdeevo archaeological culture, and among them to distinguish sites definitely belonging to the same stage. These are two sites at Avdeevo (Avdeevo-Old, Avd-I, and Avdeevo-New, Avd-II; it is not yet clear how they correlate in time), and both sites at Kostenki 1, the upper layer (near Voronezh).

The absolute similarity of all their components - type of settlement, flint and worked-bone tools, art objects - argues more for total identity than simply for typological affinities.

The analysis of the series of objects makes it possible to use the material of both the Avdeevo and Kostenki I sites as a unity, stating only the particular differences between the sites.


[Image: doublevenussm.jpg]

Avdeevo double venus back to back.

Photo: R. White
Source: White (2002)
http://www.whiteheritage.org/showthread.php?tid=300&pid=709#reference


[Image: doublevenussm.jpg]


Photo: http://www.istmira.com/foto-i-video-perv...ost-2.html



[Image: avdeevosm.jpg]

Avdeevo venus, the front view of one of the double venuses above.

Photo: http://www.istmira.com/foto-i-video-perv...ost-2.html


[Image: avdeevodig2sm.jpg]

Photo: http://www.rkursk.ru/.../main.html

Avdeevo is located on the Sejm River near the city of Kursk. Research at the site was conducted from 1946-1949 (old complex - old Avdeevo) by Voevodskij and Rogachev, and from 1972 on (new complex - new Avdeevo) by Gvozdover and Grigor'ev.

Two oval living areas surrounded by semisubterranean lodges and pits have been identified at Avdeevo. Both were occupied between 21 000 and 20 000 BP

The sites are identical in their artefacts and similar to Kostenki 1, layer 1. They may also be connected with Kostenki XIII and XVII and with Berdyzh, located on the Sozh River.

The tool inventory consists of Kostenki knives, shouldered points, and leaf points on blades. There is a well preserved series of worked bone objects which differ in details from those found at Central European sites assigned to the Kostenki-Willendorf cultural unity. They include numerous bone awls and points of various types, burnishers and shovels, diadems and bracelets, as well as beads and decorated points. Non-repetitive or unique objects are relatively rare.

The Kostenki-Avdeevo figurines are quite variable. Most of the figurines depict mature women in various stages of the reproductive cycle: non-pregnant as well as women in the various stages of pregnancy. The beginning and final stages of the reproductive cycle are represented in singular figurines: in the crouching 'presentation' pose at Avdeevo (figurine N14) as well as in the post-partum pose at Kostenki XIII.

The Avdeevo inventory also contains a series of utilitarian objects fashioned with anthropomorphic or zoomorphic 'heads', shaped metapodia and phalanges, as well as subtriangular pieces. All of these, to various degrees, are associated with the schematic and realistic depiction of animals and females.


[Image: avdeevovenus.jpg]


Four small venuses about 15 cm high from the open air Avdeevo site in Russia, dating to 20 000 years
Photo: P. Bahn 'Prehistoric Art'

The Avdeevo site is almost identical to Kostienki 1, with all the signature markers: organisation of the habitat, lithic and bone assemblages, figurative art and items of adornment.

Dates given for Avdeevo are 22 800 ± 160, 23 140 ± 430, and 23 400 ± 700.

http://www.whiteheritage.org/showthread.php?tid=300&pid=709
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